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Jannatul Baqi is the largest cemetery located in Madinah and is located next to Masjid Nabawi. It is thought to contain the graves of at least 10,000 companions of the Prophet ﷺ. Unfortunately, it is impossible to identify these graves today as they are unmarked.

Jannatul Baqi (Arabic: جنة البقيع; “Garden of Baqi”), also known as Baqi al-Gharqad (Arabic: بقیع الغرقد‎‎; “Baqi of the Boxthorn”) is the main cemetery in Madinah, located to the southeast of Masjid al-Nabawi. It contains the graves of many prominent members of the Prophet’s family ﷺ, as well as graves belonging to the Sahabah, Tabi’in, scholars and righteous people.

The word baqi (Arabic: بقيع) means ‘a plot or tract of land that contains a mixture of plants’. It is related to the word biqa meaning a large expanse of land, although the word baqi specifically refers to land containing trees or remnants of trees, such as roots or trunks.

The main type of tree that grew in the area was al-Gharqad, commonly known as Arabian boxthorn or desert thorn. The scientific name for this species of tree is Lycium shawii. It can be found throughout the Arabian peninsula and is used in traditional medicine.  It is no longer found in Baqi today.

It has three entrances; one on the north side, another on the east and its main entrance is on the western side. This entrance is used by visitors and for when burials take place.

The area between Jannatul Baqi and Masjid Nabawi is known as Bayn al-Haramayn, and used to contain the houses of Ahl al-Bayt as well as a marketplace. These no longer exist and have been replaced by a white marble plaza. You can now see the eastern exits of Masjid Nabawi from the entrance of Jannatul Baqi.

Jannatul Baqee after Maghrib Prayers

May Allah have mercy on all the deceased

May Allah forgive their shortcomings

May Allah grant them all eternal Paradise

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